Prevalence of postpartum depression in patients with migraine

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.48208/HeadacheMed.2022.24

Keywords:

Migraine, Headache, Postpartum depression, Pregnancy

Abstract

Introduction

Migraine is a frequent and chronic condition that affects 3 times more women than men. Overall, it shows that migraine is influenced by variables such as fluctuating hormones levels throughout life with migraine. Women can also experience symptoms of postpartum depression (PPD) which can cause issues for new moms in terms of behavior, emotion and cognition. Clinical investigations have shown that headaches affects pregnants and parturients.

Objective

To verify PPD in migraine and non-migrainous parturients.

Methods

Data was collected from a sample of 155 women over 18 years old in the obstetric center of Santa Casa de Misericórdia de Barbacena, from October 2021 to August 2022, in the first 24 hours after labor. Parturients who did not agree to participate and those with cognitive impairment were excluded. All patients signed an informed consent form and answered the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) and the ID-MigraineTM, in addition to clinic data and concomitant disorders from the patient's record.

Results

25 of the 155 postpartum women achieved the criteria for migraine and 130 for non-migraine. Of the patients with postpartum depression associated with migraine, 4 were classified as migraine and 8 as non-migrainous. Among patients who had headaches during pregnancy, 11 had PPD compared to those who did not have headaches during pregnancy: 1. The OR=8.9 (CI 1.12-70) and RR=7.9 (CI 1.05-60) were higher compared to those who did not have PPD. The analysis did not find a relation between migraine and PPD. However, a relation was found between headaches during pregnancy and the presence of PPD (p<0.05).

Conclusion

Patients who experienced headaches while pregnant are more likely to have postpartum depression. However, migraine-diagnosed puerperal women do not present considerable concerns for the development of depression.

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References

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Published

2022-10-01

How to Cite

1.
Reis ACS dos S e, Gonçalves ALR, Santos BOR dos, Silva JMP e, Câmara L de Ávila GCD, Jurno ME. Prevalence of postpartum depression in patients with migraine. Headache Med [Internet]. 2022 Oct. 1 [cited 2024 Apr. 19];13(3):222-5. Available from: https://headachemedicine.com.br/index.php/hm/article/view/658

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