Prevalence of compulsion in migraine patients and its association with analgesics abuse

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.48208/HeadacheMed.2024.19

Keywords:

Migraine, Medication-overuse, Obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD)

Abstract

Introduction
Migraine, is one of the most prevalent types of headaches, affects around 15% of people world wide, more common among women, causes a great effect in the quality of life of the individual. With the purpose to ease phonophobia, photophobia, nausea followed by vomiting, unilateral, pulsatile and intense, headache crisis the patients have a drug overuse. The medication-overuse headache (MOH) is an emerging problem, due to the possibility of developing psychiatric disorders like obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD).
Objective
Determine a prevalence of OCD in migraine patients, evaluating different scopes of it, including the association or not with drug abuse.
Methods
A cross-sectional study with 117 patients of both sexes, older than 18 years old. Three questionnaires were used: Barratt Impulsiveness Scale (BIS-11); Obsessive Compulsive Inventory-Revised (OCI-R) and the Migraine Disability Assessment (MIDAS). The data collected was placed in an electronic worksheet and processed in Software SPSS Statistics 22.0. There was an assumption of a p value of 0,05 to all cases with the intention to reject the null hypothesis.
Results
Findings suggest that individuals with a medication-overuse profile have a higher tendency to develop compulsive symptoms and the seriousness of the migraine symptoms is extremely related to medication-overuse headache.
Conclusion
The study showed that patients with medication-overuse headache have a higher tendency to develop compulsive behavior.

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References

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Published

2024-06-29

How to Cite

1.
Braz ACM, Filho JCCP, Barros MCL de, Ribeiro MHV, Sousa MS, Santos VH dos, Silva DJ, Jurno ME. Prevalence of compulsion in migraine patients and its association with analgesics abuse. Headache Med [Internet]. 2024 Jun. 29 [cited 2024 Jul. 14];15(2):92-7. Available from: https://headachemedicine.com.br/index.php/hm/article/view/1037

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