CASE REPORT

Intracranial lipoma manifesting with change in preexisting headache characteristics


Lipoma intracraniano que se manifesta com mudança das características de cefaleia preexistente

Patrick Emanuell Mesquita Sousa Santos(1)
Ivan Rodrigues Silva(1,2)
Mário Fernando Prieto Peres(3)
Raimundo Pereira Silva-Néto(1)
1 - Federal University of Delta of Parnaíba, Brazil.
2 - Dirceu Arcoverde State Hospital, Parnaíba, Brazil.
3 - Education and Research Israelite Institute Albert Einstein, Brazil; Institute of Psychiatry, HCFMUSP, Brazil.

*Correspondence

R. P. Silva-Néto
Federal University of Delta of Parnaíba,
Avenida São Sebastião, 2819, Fátima, Parnaíba, PI 64001-020, Brazil.
E-mail: neurocefaleia@terra.com.br

Received: December 15, 2019.

Accepted: December 22, 2019. 

DOI: 10.5935/2178-7468.20190031

ABSTRACT

Intracranial lipomas represent 0.1% to 0.5% of all intracranial tumors. Approximately half of the patients are asymptomatic. In symptomatic patients, headache is the most common symptom. We describe the case of a 71-year-old woman with history of generalized seizures and episodic migraine for about  30 years. In recent months, there has been a change in the characteristics of headache. She was admitted to the emergency room with muscle weakness  in left hemibody and intense headache onset approximately four hours ago. Neuroimaging exams revealed a median frontal expansive lesion suggestive of intracranial lipoma.

Keywords: Migraine; Epilepsy; Intracranial lipoma.

 

RESUMO

Lipomas intracranianos representam 0,1% a 0,5% de todos os tumores intracranianos. Cerca de metade dos pacientes portadores dessa rara formação são assintomáticos. Naqueles sintomáticos, a cefaleia é o principal sintoma. Nós descrevemos o caso de uma mulher de 71 anos com história de convulsões e migrânea episódica há cerca de 30 anos. Nos últimos meses, houve mudanças nas características da dor. Ela foi admitida na emergência com fraqueza muscular no hemicorpo esquerdo e intensa cefaleia, com início há cerca de quatro horas. Os exames de imagem revelaram uma lesão expansiva frontal mediana sugestiva de lipoma intracraniano.

Descritores: Migrânea; Epilepsia; Lipoma intracraniano.

 

     We describe the case of a 71-year-old woman with history of generalized seizures and episodic migraine for about 30 years. Headache presented pressure characteristics, worsening in the last two months. Before, she had three headache attacks a week, but in recent months, headache occurs daily. Headache attacks don’t remit with simple analgesics. Recently, she was admitted to the emergency room with muscle weakness in left hemibody and intense headache onset approximately four hours ago. Her neurologic examination was normal. Diagnostic hypothesis  of  stroke  was  considered. She underwent a CT scan of the skull that showed an interhemispheric hypodense mass. MRI revealed a median frontal expansive lesion suggestive of intracranial lipoma (Figure 1).

     Intracranial lipomas (IL) represent 0.1% to 0.5% of all intracranial tumors and are located mainly in the area of corpus callosum1. A retrospective study with 17 patients diagnosed with IL was conducted at  a tertiary  center. He showed that 47% of these patients complained of headache2. There is another study stating that half of the cases of IL was asymptomatic. In the other half, the main symptoms were seizures, headache and muscle weakness3. Surgical intervention is rarely required, because there may be vascular structures near or within the lipomas and complications may develop due to surgical excision2. Thus, the best therapeutic option for IL symptoms remains unclear.

 https://headachemedicine.com.br/images/493-1.png

Figure 1. (A) CT. (B) Axial RNM T1W. (C) Coronal RNM T2W. (D) Axial RNM T2W. (E) Sagittal RNM T1W.Frontal median lesion of fat content measuring about 6.6 x 4.5 x 3.5 cm associated with signs of corpus callosum dysgenesis and colpocephalic aspect of the lateral ventricles.

 

REFERENCES

  1. Ben Elhend S, Belfquih H, Hammoune N, Athmane EM, Mouhsine A (2019) Lipoma withagenesis of corpus callosum: 2 case reports and literature World Neurosurg, 125:123–125.
  2. Seidl Z, Vaneckova M, Vitak T (2007), Intracranial lipomas: A retrospective Neuroradiol J, 20(1):30–36.
  3. Piovesan EJ, Tatsui CE, Kowacs PA, Prazeres RF, Lange MC, Antoniuk SA, et al (2000), Lipoma do corpo caloso associado a hipertrofia do corpo caloso: Relato de Arq Neuropsiquiatr, 58(3B):947–951.