Biofeedback in migraine: a study of 123 patients

Publicado na 1ª edição de 2008

Objectives: Evaluate the muscular tension and relaxation capacities of migraine patients. Select a group to train in muscular relaxation techniques to help reduce migraine occurrences. Method: The study consists of 123 migraine patients, diagnosed in accordance to International Headache Society criteria and diagnosed using biofeedback. Results: Among those chosen for the study, 26 (21.1%) were males and 97 (78.9%) female. The average age was 35 ± 13 years and 38 ± 11 years for males and females, respectively. Sixty (48.8%) patients presented high levels of muscular tension and 63 (51.2%) were diagnosed to have low relaxation capacities. The association between high muscular tension and low relaxation capacity was found predominantly in females. Of the 123 subjects analyzed, 71 (57.7%) were prescribed training in relaxation techniques. Conclusions: The women studied presented a high level of muscular tension associated with low relaxation capacity with greater frequency. The majority were subsequently referred to treatment using relaxation techniques.

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